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Grade 3 theory Italian terms (ABRSM)

This page contains the main Italian musical terms needed for ABRSM grade 3 theory.  Pupils are required to have memorised the English translations of the Italian terms, in addition to knowing the terms from the previous grades.

adagietto

rather slow (faster than adagio)

ad libitum, ad lib.

at choice, meaning that a passage may be played freely

agitato

agitated

alla breve

with a minim beat, equivalent to 2/2, implying a faster tempo than the note values might otherwise suggest

amore

love (amoroso – loving)

anima

soul, spirit

animato

animated, lively

animando

becoming lively

ben

well

brio

vigour

comodo

convenient, comfortable

deciso

with determination

delicato

delicate

energico

energetic

forza

force

largamente

broadly

leggiero

light, nimble

marcato / marc.

emphatic, accented

marziale

in a military style

mesto

sad

pesante

heavy

prima / primo

first

risoluto

bold, strong

ritmico

rhythmically

rubato / tempo rubato

with some freedom of time

scherzando / scherzoso

playful, joking

seconda / secondo

second

semplice

simple, plain

sempre

always

stringendo

gradually getting faster

subito

suddenly

tanto

so much

tranquillo

calm

triste / tristamente

sad, sorrowful

volta

time (prima volta – first time, seconda volta – second time)

 

The links below provide more terms, including Italian, French and German, all needed to pass grade 5 theory.

Theory Pages
Main theory page
Grade 1 Italian terms
Grade 2 Italian terms
Grade 4 Italian and French terms
Grade 5 Italian and German terms
Performance directions for piano, strings and brass for pedals, bowing & mutes
Ornaments trill, mordent, turn, appoggiatura, acciaccatura, glissando, portamento
Degrees of the scale tonic, supertonic, mediant, subdominant, dominant, submediant, leading note
Orchestral Instruments brass, woodwind, strings, voices, clefs, transposition
ASBRM exam notes pass marks, exam durations, exam rules

Philip Bishop - theory lessons: 01372 454962 / 07950 235329

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